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Kobayashi Kiyochika, Japanese, (1847–1915)
Shaking General , 1894
Ink on paper
14 11/16 x 9 13/16 in. (37.34 x 24.89 cm)

Object Type: Print
Technique: Wood-block Printing
Period: Meiji (Japan, 1869-1912)
Credit Line: Purchased with funds from the Aoki Endowment for Japanese Arts and Cultures
Accession Number: 2013.1.22

Alternate Title: Nihon Banzai; Hyakusen Hyakusho - Buru buru Taisho

From the series, "Nihon Banzai; Hyakusen Hyakusho" ("Hurrah Japan; One Hundred Collected Laughs"). The title was a pun with the meaning of "One Hundred Battles, One Hundred Victories."

Kiyochika studied Western-style newspaper caricatures, especially the ones by London journalist Charles Wirgman (1832-1891). He applied the new humorous looks to the Sino-Japanese and Russo-Japanese war print series, which became very popular.

"Buru buru Taisho" Here, a Chinese general is shaking uncontrollably because of the fear of the invading Japanese force. But he is covering himself by saying, "I am shaking because my tension is so high. It is not because I am afraid! " The Japanese word "taisho" (general) was punned with "taisho" as "retreating or defeated general."


This work is signed, "Kiyochika" and it bears the artist's seal.

ink on paper

Object Description
Format: Oban tate-e

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