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China Anonymous, Chinese
Seated Lohan, 18th c.
Ink on Paper
58 7/8 in. x 34 1/2 in. (149.54 cm x 87.63 cm)

Object Type: Painting
Technique: Brushwork
Period: Ch'ing Dynasty (China, 1644-1912)
Credit Line: Gift of Johan Wilhelm Norman Munthe
Accession Number: XX.1.40

Old number "L1136/33" is written on the backing paper in pencil. Listed in the Munthe inventory (p. 33) as "Portrait of a Lohan of comparitively modern style, perhaps even betraying European influence. 18th century or even more recent."

Probably early 20th century Lingnan school painting. It is signed in the upper right, but the signature is unknown. It may be a monk's name.

Very unusual painting of what appears to be Bodhidharma (founder of Chan Buddhism in China). Slight western influences—modeling of three-dimensional form in particular—are what prompted my suggestion of the Lingnan School, a Canton-based group of artists active early in the 20th century who combined Western techniques learned from Japan with Chinese. Signature is odd.

Professor Peter Sturman, University of California, Santa Barbara

A signature written in black ink and two square red ink seals are stamped in the upper right of the image.

Black, grey, and brown ink washes brushed upon paper. Off-white silk brocade border.

Object Description
Mounted vertical scroll of a seated man wearing a robe, which exposes his right arm and the right side of his chest. The man faces the viewer with a 3/4 profile view. There is no background.

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