Black Comb with Inlaid Flowers, N.d.
Lacquer with Mother of Pearl and Enamel on Horse hoof
1 15/16 x 4 in. (5 x 10.1 cm)
These Japanese hair ornaments were collected by the late Angelyn Kelley Riffenburgh over decades. Angelyn’s husband, Dr. Ralph Riffenburgh, presented the combs in her honor to the Scripps College collections in 2012. Most of these hair ornaments, or kanzashi, are made of bamboo or lightweight woods that have been lacquered; they date from the 18th century well into the 20th, when elaborate hairstyles included decorative combs (kushi) and hairpins (kogai). Matched sets of ornaments featured seasonal images, landscape scenes, as well as historical or fictional references. The combination of pine, bamboo (nanten), and plum blossom (shochikubai) designs were popular at New Year’s time. Cherry blossom patterns were worn in the spring, and chrysanthemums in the autumn. Some kanzashi were made with tortoiseshell, mother of pearl, bone, or precious metals. Hairpins with a ball ornament, or tama, were also color coordinated to the seasons, with the cool colors green and blue worn during the summer months and the warm colors red, orange, and gold used during the winter. --Bruce Coats, Professor of Art History and the Humanities
The comb is made of horse's hoof with painted lacquer and inlaid mother of pearl. The raised pink flower appears to be enamel.
The comb's high-contrast design features mums and leaves inlaid with mother of pearl against a black lacquered background. The raised pink flower appears to be enamel. The flowers on the front upper right are a more stylized version than the others on the piece. The comb is a half-moon shape.
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