Black Comb and Hairpin with Irises and Mums, N.d.
Lacquer with Gold and Mother of Pearl on Wood
2 x 3 15/16 in. (5.1 x 10 cm)
These Japanese hair ornaments were collected by the late Angelyn Kelley Riffenburgh over decades. Angelyn’s husband, Dr. Ralph Riffenburgh, presented the combs in her honor to the Scripps College collections in 2012. Most of these hair ornaments, or kanzashi, are made of bamboo or lightweight woods that have been lacquered; they date from the 18th century well into the 20th, when elaborate hairstyles included decorative combs (kushi) and hairpins (kogai). Matched sets of ornaments featured seasonal images, landscape scenes, as well as historical or fictional references. The combination of pine, bamboo (nanten), and plum blossom (shochikubai) designs were popular at New Year’s time. Cherry blossom patterns were worn in the spring, and chrysanthemums in the autumn. Some kanzashi were made with tortoiseshell, mother of pearl, bone, or precious metals. Hairpins with a ball ornament, or tama, were also color coordinated to the seasons, with the cool colors green and blue worn during the summer months and the warm colors red, orange, and gold used during the winter. --Bruce Coats, Professor of Art History and the Humanities
The artist's mark on the comb reads "Eisai".
The comb and hairpin are made of lacquered wood and inlaid with mother of pearl.
The comb's design features boldly-colored irises and various types of mums, a mixture of autumn and spring plants. The artist's mark reads "Eisai". The breast (the decorative section of the comb that sits above the hair) is large and prominent. The comb is a masako-kata shape. The kogai features the same boldly-colored iris and mum design as the comb. The kogai is a two-part, flared anvil shape. Its length measures 17.5 cm. Dr. Juli Wolfgram believes the comb and hairpin either date to the late Edo period or are Taisho imitations of late Edo art.
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