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Comb with Kabuki Actor Crests

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Comb with Kabuki Actor Crests, N.d.
Paint and Lacquer with Mother of Pearl and Brass on Horse hoof
1 5/8 x 3 3/4 in. (4.2 x 9.5 cm)


Object Type: Hair Ornamentation
Technique: Carving
Creation Place: Asia, Japan
Credit Line: Gift of Dr. Ralph Riffenburgh, in honor of Angelyn Kelley Riffenburgh
Accession Number: 2013.7.75


Commentary
These Japanese hair ornaments were collected by the late Angelyn Kelley Riffenburgh over decades. Angelyn’s husband, Dr. Ralph Riffenburgh, presented the combs in her honor to the Scripps College collections in 2012. Most of these hair ornaments, or kanzashi, are made of bamboo or lightweight woods that have been lacquered; they date from the 18th century well into the 20th, when elaborate hairstyles included decorative combs (kushi) and hairpins (kogai). Matched sets of ornaments featured seasonal images, landscape scenes, as well as historical or fictional references. The combination of pine, bamboo (nanten), and plum blossom (shochikubai) designs were popular at New Year’s time. Cherry blossom patterns were worn in the spring, and chrysanthemums in the autumn. Some kanzashi were made with tortoiseshell, mother of pearl, bone, or precious metals. Hairpins with a ball ornament, or tama, were also color coordinated to the seasons, with the cool colors green and blue worn during the summer months and the warm colors red, orange, and gold used during the winter. --Bruce Coats, Professor of Art History and the Humanities

Marks
None.

Medium
The comb is made of horse's hoof, painted to imitate bekko, then lacquered and inlaid with mother of pearl and brass.

Object Description
The comb's design features Japanese maple with the family crests of two very famous kabuki actors. The three squares nested inside one another, called "mimasu", refers to the actor Ichikawa Danjuro. The four flowers arranged in a diamond shape, or "yotsu-hana-bishi" meaning four-flower-garden, refers to Matsumoto Koshiro. The comb is a half-moon shape.

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