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These Japanese hair ornaments were collected by the late Angelyn Kelley Riffenburgh over decades. Angelyn’s husband, Dr. Ralph Riffenburgh, presented the combs in her honor to the Scripps College collections in 2012. Most of these hair ornaments, or kanzashi, are made of bamboo or lightweight woods that have been lacquered; they date from the 18th century well into the 20th, when elaborate hairstyles included decorative combs (kushi) and hairpins (kogai). Matched sets of ornaments featured seasonal images, landscape scenes, as well as historical or fictional references. The combination of pine, bamboo (nanten), and plum blossom (shochikubai) designs were popular at New Year’s time. Cherry blossom patterns were worn in the spring, and chrysanthemums in the autumn. Some kanzashi were made with tortoiseshell, mother of pearl, bone, or precious metals. Hairpins with a ball ornament, or tama, were also color coordinated to the seasons, with the cool colors green and blue worn during the summer months and the warm colors red, orange, and gold used during the winter.
The artist's marks on the comb and kogai read "Fusai."
The comb and hairpin are made of lacquered horse's hoof.
The comb's design features quails among mums, other autumn plans, and stylized water. The artist's mark reads "Fusai." The comb is a rikyu-kata shape. The hairpin, or kogai, features the same quails, autumn plants, and stylized water as the comb. The artist's mark reads "Fusai." There are also narrow bands with rectalinear spirals. This shape also figures as a thunder motif in Chinese art. The kogai is a single-piece, flared anvil shape with a rounded center. Its length measures 15.6 cm.
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