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Gold Comb and Hairpin with Bamboo

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Gold Comb and Hairpin with Bamboo, N.d.
Lacquer with Gold and Mother of Pearl on Unknown material
3 5/8 x 8 5/8 in. (9.14 x 21.84 cm)

Object Type: Hair Ornamentation
Technique: Carving
Period: Meiji (Japan, 1869-1912)
Credit Line: Gift of Dr. Ralph Riffenburgh, in honor of Angelyn Kelley Riffenburgh
Accession Number: 2013.7.7a

These Japanese hair ornaments were collected by the late Angelyn Kelley Riffenburgh over decades. Angelyn’s husband, Dr. Ralph Riffenburgh, presented the combs in her honor to the Scripps College collections in 2012. Most of these hair ornaments, or kanzashi, are made of bamboo or lightweight woods that have been lacquered; they date from the 18th century well into the 20th, when elaborate hairstyles included decorative combs (kushi) and hairpins (kogai). Matched sets of ornaments featured seasonal images, landscape scenes, as well as historical or fictional references. The combination of pine, bamboo (nanten), and plum blossom (shochikubai) designs were popular at New Year’s time. Cherry blossom patterns were worn in the spring, and chrysanthemums in the autumn. Some kanzashi were made with tortoiseshell, mother of pearl, bone, or precious metals. Hairpins with a ball ornament, or tama, were also color coordinated to the seasons, with the cool colors green and blue worn during the summer months and the warm colors red, orange, and gold used during the winter. --Bruce Coats, Professor of Art History and the Humanities

The artist's mark on the hairpin reads "Shousai".

The comb and hairpin are made of some type of bone or horn material, possibly horse's hoof. The comb is painted with gold lacquer and inlaid with gold flecks and mother of pearl.

Object Description
The comb's design features a pattern of bamboo, some of which is inlaid with gold flecks. The comb is a standard masako-kata (a type of kamakura-kata) shape. The kogai's design features the same bamboo pattern found on the comb. The artist's mark in the center reads "Shousai". The kogai is a two-part, flared anvil shape. Its length measures 14.1 cm.

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