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Incomplete Ainu Robe (kaparamip)

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Japan Anonymous, Japanese
Incomplete Ainu Robe (kaparamip), 1912-1926
Cotton
48 in. x 25 in. (121.92 cm x 63.5 cm)


Object Type: Textile
Technique: Woven
Creation Place: Asia, Japan
Credit Line: Scripps College, Claremont, CA
Accession Number: J002


Medium
Blue cotton tabby with applied cottons.

Object Description
Long coat without sleeves (removed). The back features elaborate appliqu├ęd strapwork with cotton and wool embroidery.

The red wool embroidery that accents the decorative bands was a rare imported trade commodity for the Ainu.

When cotton fabric became easier to obtain for the Ainu during the late 19th century, large pieces of white or red cotton were placed over darker fabric (sometimes patterned), curvilinear cuts were made, margins folded and tacked down. In a variation, cloth was folded in four and cut out as children cut out paper, laid over a base fabric and tacked down. Such methods made for extremely free and bold designs.
Kaparamip implies thin clothes, and garments of this type were popular in South Hokkaido, Japan.

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