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Surya, the Hindu Sun God

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India Anonymous,
Surya, the Hindu Sun God, c. 1800
Bronze
10 1/8 in. x 4 3/4 in. x 4 1/16 in. (25.72 cm x 12.07 cm x 10.32 cm)


Object Type: Statuary
Technique: Cast
Credit Line: Gift of Mr. Vladimar S. Aronovici
Accession Number: 95.3.31


Commentary
This image is tentatively identified as Usha, goddess of dawn and consort of Surya, the sun god. Described in the 16th c. BCE text of the RigVeda, Usha is the guardian of truth and dispels darkness, bringing the morning light as Surya begins his solar chariot ride across the skies. The figure holds a lotus blossom in each hand and supports on her head a plate where daily offerings could be placed.
Dr. Bruce A. Coats, 2022

Marks
There is tape on the bottom which reads: "Sacrificial stand."

Medium
Cast bronze with red pigment.

Object Description
Bronze statue of Surya, the Hindu sun god, holding a flower in perfect symbol in each hand. The figure has fully formed breasts, and wears a breach clout. There is a rice-plate on the figure's head, serving as a viand stand. The figure has elongated ears, outstretched arms, and equal-length fingers. The god is placed onto a turned dais
(2002).

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