Goshun Matsumura (Gekkei)
Goshun's career is suggestive of the increasingly fluid and creative disposition of Edo-period ateliers. Originally a follower of the literati painter and poet Yosa Buson (1716–83), Goshun, confounded by his master's death and other personal setbacks, joined with Okyo. Goshun's quick and witty brushwork adjusted to the softer, more polished Okyo style but retained an overall individuality. He and his students are known as the Shijo school, for the street on which Goshun's studio was located, or, in recognition of Okyo's influence, as the Maruyama-Shijo school.
Goshun's primary teacher during his early career, Yosa Buson (1716-1783), was one of the great masters of the second-generation Nanga painters in Japan. Goshun's work differed from his master's in its increased naturalism. This may have had bearing on his later decision to change styles and become a colleague of Maruyama Okyo (1733-1795), a master of the naturalist school of painters in Kyoto.