N. Yamata and Helen Merritt, "Guide to Modern Japanese Woodblock Prints."
Goyo's family name was actually Hashiguchi Kiyoshi. Like many other Japanese artists including Kawase Hasui and Ito Shinsui, he chose to work under an artist name. He picked the name "Goyo", because of his admiration for the five-needle pine tree, or Goyo matsu, growing in his father's garden. Go is the Japanese word for five, and yo is the word for needle or leaf.
He was the son of Hashiguchi Kanemizu, a samurai and amateur painter in the Shijo style. He was given the name Kiyoshi. The elder Hashiguchi engaged a teacher of Kano-style painting for his son when Kiyoshi was 10 and in 1899 encouraged him to study Japanese-style pailnting under Hoshimoto Gaho in Tokyo. Goyo shifted to Western-style painting under Kuroda Seiki at Tokyo School of Fine Arts; he graduated in 1905. In 1905 he designed the layout and illustrations for Natsume Soseki's novel "I Am a Cat" and this led to design of other books by Futabatei Shimei, Uchida Roan, Morita Sohei, Tanizaki Jun'ichiro, Nagai Kafu, and Izumi Kyoka. He won recognition for an oil painting in the first Bunten show in 1907.