19 c. Victorian Painter, sculptor
b. 1830 in England; d. 1896 in London. Dominent figure in late Victorian art. Studied art in Frankfurt, Rome, and Paris. Settled in London in 1859, by which time he had already made his name there (first exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1855 a painting which was bought by Queen Victoria). Became president of the Royal Academy in 1878. Was the first English artist to be raised to the peerage in England (the day before he died). His works included portraits and book engravings, but he was best known for his paintings of Classical Greek subjects.