Meiji / Taisho / Showa Printmaker
Original name Ueda Hiroshi.
Western-style painter and printmaker. Born in Kurume, and lived in Tokyo. Studied under Tamura Soritsu in Kyoto (1893) and Koyama Shotaro in Tokyo (1894), and with Joshida Kasaburo, his adoptive father. In 1899 he traveled in the U.S. with Nakagawa Hachiro, and exhibited paintings in New York, Boston, and elsewhere. He helped found the Taiheiyo Gakai in 1902, and was active in the Bunten. Hiroshi traveled in Europe 1903-1905. In 1907 he married Fujio, the third daughter of the Yoshida family into which he had been adopted. He first painted landscapes in oil, but won his early fame as a watercolorist. About 1920, during his travels, he learned of the West's admiration for Japanese prints and in 1920 made his first print, The Secluded Garden of Meiji Shrine, with Watanabe Shozaburo. This was one of 7 prints made with Watanabe before the 1923 earthquake; the blocks of all were destroyed in the fires following the quake. Hiroshi and Fujio traveled in the U.S. and Europe 1923-1925 painting and selling their paintings. Enthusiasm for his prints during this sojourn abroad persuaded him to establish his own print workshop upon return to Japan. Yoshida learned the skills of carver and printer and often carved his own blocks and personally supervised every stage of his prints. Most of his extensive production was sold abroad; he did not exhibit woodblock prints at Bunten until 1937. Served as a war correspondent in Manchuria in 1938 and 1940; produced his last print in 1946. The characters "JIZURI" (self-printed) are found in the margin of prints made during his lifetime and under his close supervision.